27 Apr

The Museum of Archaeology

Established at the end of the 19th Century by a modernizing Ottoman Empire, the Museum of Archaeology is located adjacent to the Topkapi Palace. Featuring an impressive collection of Turkish, Hellenistic and Roman artifacts, the complex also includes the Museum of Islamic Art and the Museum of the Ancient Orient. Among the collection’s most important pieces are the highly adorned Alexander Sarcophagus, once believed to have been prepared for Alexander the Great, and the oldest known peace treaty in the world, the Kadesh Peace Treaty, which dates from 1258 BC and is signed by Ramesses II of Egypt and Hattusili III of the Hitite Empire.


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